Press Release Details

Cerus and Baxter Announce Results of European Phase 3 Trial of Their Intercept Platelet System for Pathogen Inactivation

August, 22 2000
Cerus Corporation (NASDAQ: CERS), a pioneer in systems to enhance the safety of the blood supply, and its development partner, Baxter Healthcare Corporation, announced today that the results of their European Phase 3 clinical trial of the Intercept Platelet System support a planned submission for regulatory approval to market the system in Europe. The companies are developing Intercept Blood Systems to protect against the transmission of infectious diseases through blood transfusions. The Intercept Platelet System is the only pathogen inactivation system for platelets to enter human clinical trials.

The 103 patient study was designed to assess the therapeutic efficacy and safety of platelets treated with the Intercept Platelet System. Patients also were monitored for bleeding, acute transfusion reactions and other adverse events. The purpose of the study was to determine whether platelets treated with the Intercept Platelet System provide platelet transfusion support consistent with current medical practice. The study included platelet-deficient cancer patients in four academic medical centers in the United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands and Sweden.

"This study shows that physicians can provide their patients the added security of pathogen-inactivated platelets while delivering the therapeutic benefits required of platelet transfusions," said Dr. D. van Rhenen of Bloodbank Rotterdam, the Netherlands, the lead investigator on the study.

The trial had two primary endpoints: corrected count increment and platelet count increment, each one-hour after transfusion. The corrected count increment measures the increase in the patient's platelet count after a platelet transfusion, corrected for transfusion platelet dose and the patient's blood volume. For this measure, one-hour after transfusion, the performance of treated platelets was similar to that of the untreated platelets.

The platelet count increment, which measures the platelet count increase without correcting for dosage or blood volume, is influenced by the platelet dose the patient receives. In this study the platelet dose per transfusion of treated platelets was approximately ten percent lower than that of untreated platelets. The resulting platelet count increment one-hour after transfusion of treated platelets was statistically lower than that after transfusion of untreated platelets. However, both the platelet dose per transfusion and the platelet count increment one hour after transfusion were within the typical therapeutic range reported in medical literature for untreated platelets.

Secondary endpoints for the study included multiple factors relevant to clinical efficacy and safety. The results for two important indicators of clinical efficacy, the number of patients with a major bleeding episode and the number of red blood cell transfusions, were comparable for the treated and untreated platelets. Similarly, the time between platelet transfusions, the total platelet dose per patient and the number of adverse events were similar between the two groups. Both the platelet count increment and the corrected count increment measured 24 hours after transfusion, while statistically lower than those following the transfusion of untreated platelets, were within the typical therapeutic range reported in medical literature for untreated platelets.

"This is a pivotal step in our mission to enhance the safety of the blood supply," said Stephen Isaacs, Cerus president and chief executive officer. "The Intercept Platelet System is paving the way in our comprehensive approach to the inactivation of pathogens in all three transfusion blood components."

"We are pleased with the results of this study. Baxter and Cerus expect to be the first to file for regulatory approval of a pathogen inactivation system for platelets," stated Harry M. Jansen Kraemer, Jr. Baxter chairman and chief executive officer. "This is a significant step forward in our pathogen inactivation programs."

Intercept Blood Systems are designed to inactivate viruses, bacteria and other pathogens, as well as white blood cells, which have been associated with a variety of transfusion reactions. Intercept Blood Systems are based on Cerus' proprietary Helinx technology, which has been developed to inactivate blood-borne pathogens while leaving the therapeutic properties of the blood component intact. Previous studies have demonstrated the ability of the Helinx technology to inactivate a broad array of pathogens that may be present in blood products.

The companies are conducting a 600 patient Phase 3 clinical trial of the Intercept Platelet System in the United States. A Phase 3 clinical trial of the Intercept Plasma System and Phase 1 clinical trials of the Intercept Red Blood Cell System are also underway in the United States.

Cerus and Baxter are submitting the results of the European Phase 3 clinical trial for presentation at the annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology in December 2000.


Cerus Corporation is developing systems to enhance the safety of the world's blood supply. These systems are based on Cerus' Helinx technology, which has the ability to prevent the replication of viruses, bacteria and other pathogens and to control cellular proliferation. The Concord, Calif.-based biopharmaceutical company is currently conducting the first human clinical trials of pathogen-inactivated platelets, as well as clinical trials of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and red blood cells, in collaboration with Baxter Healthcare Corporation.


Baxter Healthcare is the principal domestic operating subsidiary of Baxter International (NYSE: BAX). Baxter International, through its subsidiaries, is a global medical products and services company that provides critical therapies for people with life-threatening conditions. The company's products and services in bioscience (biopharmaceuticals and blood collection, separation and storage devices), medication delivery and renal therapy are used by health-care providers and their patients in more than 100 countries.

Helinx is a trademark of Cerus Corporation
Intercept Blood System, Intercept Platelet System, Intercept Plasma System and Intercept Red Blood Cell System are trademarks of Baxter International, Inc.

Statements in this news release regarding product development, clinical development and regulatory activity are forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ materially from the above forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including the uncertainty of the timing and results of any clinical trials, action by regulatory authorities, the lack of assurance of product approval, the uncertainty of market acceptance of any products, competitive conditions, the uncertainty of future financing and other factors discussed in the companies' 1999 Annual Reports on Form 10-K. More detailed information on the results of the European Phase 3 Trial are contained in a report on Form 8-K, being filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission by Cerus concurrently with this news release.

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